14 May 2011

INTRODUCTION


           
Biotechnology is being used to come across the predicament in both background and energy sectors. The genetically engineered microbes are being used pro the money-making production of approximately microbial and non microbial products e.G. Interferon, creature growth hormones, viral vaccines, insulin and that. These genetically engineered microbes help in sinking the environmental pollution through various processes such as recovery of metals from tainted waterways; abolition of sulphur from metal ores and coal-fired power, aid of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides and that. Microbes are being furthermore used to yield the single cell proteins (SCP) to solve the food and fodder problems and pro biogas production.
Enzymes are biological catalysts which accelerate the biochemical reactions in living cells. A purified enzyme can furthermore involve on a point biochemical result outside the cell. Due to this property of the enzymes, they are widely used in laboratory and in the money-making production of valuable biochemical compounds, drugs and Industrial products. This has made enzyme investigate an valuable area of biotechnology. Various techniques are being used to adjust the enzymes through enzyme modeling and gene manipulation pro various point purposes.
Inside 1894, USA technologically produced the initially enzyme named as “fungal taka-diastase” which was employed as pharmaceutical agent pro digestive disorders. The microbial “rennin” is being used as a replacement for of calf’s rennin since 1967.

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