27 May 2011

Nucleic Acids



Organisms to handing over genetic in rank from individual generation to the then. There are two types of nucleic acids: Deoxyribonucleic acid, better renowned as RNA and ribonucleic acid, better renowned as DNA.

When a cell divides, its RNA is unoriginal and voted for from individual cell generation to the then generation. RNA contains the "programmatic instructions" on behalf of cellular activities. When organisms fabricate offspring, these information, in the form of RNA, are voted for down. DNA is involved in the synthesis of proteins. "Information" is typically voted for from RNA to DNA to the consequential proteins.
Nucleic acids: Nucleotides
Nucleic acids are unruffled of nucleotide monomers. Nucleotides take three parts:
·           A Nitrogenous Base
·           A Five-Carbon Sugar
·           A Phosphate Group
Similar to could you repeat that? Happens with protein monomers, nucleotides are linked to each one other through dehydration synthesis. Interestingly, around nucleotides put on influential cellular functions as "individual" molecules, the largely familiar paradigm being ATP.
Polynucleotides
Within polynucleotides, nucleotides are together to individual an additional by covalent bonds stuck between the phosphate of individual and the darling of an additional. These linkages are called phosphodiester linkages

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