"HIV" stands regarding Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
Many people also make reference to HIV as the "AIDS virus. "
How Is the Virus Transmitted?
HIV lives within bloodstream and other entire body fluids which contain blood or white blood vessels cellular material. People have obtained HIV through:
Unprotected sexual intercourse with an HIV-infected man or women. This consists of vaginal or anal intercourse, as well as oral sex upon a person with no condom or even additional barrier. Intercourse while a female is getting her period, or during outbreaks of genital sores or lesions (due to herpes and other sexually transmitted diseases) may increase the risk of HIV transmission.
Sharing drug injection equipment (needles and/or works ); or being unintentionally stuck by needles or sharp objects contaminated with infected bloodstream.
Infected bloodstream utilized in transfusions, and infected blood products utilized in the treatment of certain diseases and disorders (like hemophilia), before March, 1985.
Pregnancy, childbirth, and/or breastfeeding, where the virus is passed from mother to kid.
Transplanted internal organs from contaminated donors. (Schedule testing of body organ donors also began in 1985.)
HIV and AIDS are not transmitted through casual contact (which is, exactly where no bloodstream or even entire body liquids are participating ). HIV is what will get passed through person to person. People don't "catch AIDS"; these people "become infected along with HIV. "
What Does an "HIV-Positive" Analyze Result Mean?
A positive analyze outcome indicates your body has been contaminated through HIV as well as that you are capable of transmitting this to others. The analyze didn't look for the actual virus itself, but found evidence of it in your blood vessels. There's no method to inform from this outcome who offered a person the virus, just how long you've had it, or whenever it will begin to affect your health. You may see or hear the outcomes called "HIV positive, " "HIV+, " "HIV-antibody positive, " or "seropositive regarding HIV. " These terms all mean the same thing.
People who have already been infected with HIV are believed to possess "HIV disease. " As the virus itself is not a disease, it progressively damages your body's immune system. This particular puts you in danger for building illnesses you would not otherwise get.
At this time, doctors don't know of any way in order to rid the body regarding HIV. There is no cure. Once you've been contaminated, you have it for life.
Viruses tend to end up being specialiststs. These people absolutely no in on the couple of specific kinds of tissue in your body and move in. The actual human being immunodeficiency virus is better known with regard to targeting the T cells from the immune system. However, additionally, it may attack cells of serotonin levels, nervous system, digestive program, lymphatic system, and other body parts.
The immune system consists of specific tissue within the blood stream that fight off invading microbes to keep the body healthy. The actual "T" cells (generally known as "T4, " "helper-T, " or even "CD4" cells) are the brains from the operation. These whitened bloodstream cells identify invaders and give orders to soldier-type cells, which then fight various microorganisms, viruses, cancers, fungus, as well as unwanted organisms which can make a person sick.
Like just about all viruses, the HIV is just interested in one thing: Reproducing itself. Once it has attacked as well as relocated into a T cell, this converts which cell into a small virus factory. Eventually you will find so many new viruses in the cell that the T cell explodes, scattering the HIV back into the actual bloodstream. The virus after that moves on to clean T cells as well as repeats the process. Over time, the HIV can destroy almost all of the infected person's T cells in this manner.
Then What Happens?
With fewer and fewer "leaders" to rely on with regard to warnings, the "soldier" cellular material turn out to be helpless. They can't identify as well as fight away typical organisms that could not current an issue to some wholesome immune system. These organisms might be lying dormant in your body already, or may get into from outside. The immune system's weakness gives them the opportunity to wake up, multiply, as well as trigger illness. Thus, we call these illnesses "opportunistic infections. " People with completely working immune techniques tend to be rarely troubled through these particular infections-but individuals with damaged defense techniques are highly susceptible to all of them.
Therefore What is the connection Among HIV and AIDS?
When a person with an HIV-weakened immune system comes down with one or more of these rare opportunistic infections, or has a T cell count below 200 or even 14%, that person can be identified by a physician as getting AIDS. "AIDS" stands for "Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. " The actual "syndrome" part implies that AIDS is not a single illness however a collection of illnesses. The Centers with regard to Disease Control (CDC) provides come up with a summary of 26 "AIDS-defining illnesses" within adults. Diagnosis of AIDS in children entails a summary of somewhat different conditions.